PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN TRUNK CONTROL EXERCISE DAN LATIHAN BERDIRI DI STANDING FRAME DENGAN LATIHAN BERDIRI DI STANDING FRAME TERHADAP KESEIMBANGAN BERDIRI ANAK CEREBRAL PALSY SPASTIC DIPLEGIA

Dyah Laras Harjanti, Abdul Chalik Meidian, Ahmad Syakieb

Abstract


Abstract

Objective: Determine the effect of trunk control exercise and standing frame exercise with standing frame exercises to standing balance in children cerebral palsy spastic diplegia. Methods: An experimental study to determine the effect of an intervention on the subject of research. The sample consisted of 20 children with cp spastic diplegia 3-10 years of age, the study for 6 weeks 3x in one week. Samples were grouped into two groups. The first group (n = 10) and treatment to two (n = 10). Results: The results of hypothesis testing in the group treated first with related t-test p value = 0.001. In the treatment group to two with related t-test p-value = 0.002. On the results of independent t-test showed the value of p = 0.302. In the treatment group I showed the test mean = 15.95 and SD = 18.9. In the treatment group II is obtained in a test mean = 15.45 and SD = 17.25. Conclusion: There is no difference between the effect of the provision of trunk control exercise to exercise in a standing frame and exercises in the frame standing to improve standing balance in children cerebral palsy spastic diplegia.

Keywords: trunk control, cerebral palsy spastic diplegia, standing balance.

 

Abstrak

Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh penambahan trunk control exercise dengan latihan di standing frame dan latihan di standing frame terhadap keseimbangan berdiri anak cp spastic diplegia. Metode: Penelitian eksperimental untuk mengetahui pengaruh dari suatu intervensi terhadap subyek penelitian. Sampel terdiri dari 20 anak cp spastic diplegia usia 3-10 tahun, penelitian selama 6 minggu 3x dalam 1 minggu. Sampel dikelompokan menjadi dua kelompok. Kelompok pertama (n = 10) dan perlakuan ke dua (n = 10). Hasil: Hasil uji hipotesis pada kelompok perlakuan pertama dengan t-test related didapatkan nilai p=0,001. Pada kelompok perlakuan ke dua dengan t-test related nilai p=0,002. Pada hasil uji t-test independent menunjukan nilai p=0,302. Pada kelompok perlakuan I didapatkan hasil pada uji mean = 15,95 dan SD = 18,9. Pada kelompok perlakuan II didapatkan hasil pada uji mean = 15,45 dan SD = 17,25. Kesimpulan: Tidak ada perbedaan pengaruh antara pemberian trunk control exercise dengan latihan di standing frame dan latihan di standing frame dalam meningkatkan keseimbangan berdiri anak cp spastic diplegia.

Kata kunci: Trunk control, cp spastic diplegia, keseimbangan berdiri

References


Daftar Pustaka

Alagesan Jagatheesan, Shetty Angelina, 2010. Effect of Modified Suit Therapy in Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy - A Single Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial. Mangalore, South India

Anderson, S Edward et al, 2006. Postural Management for children with cerebral palsy: consensus statement. Dev Med Child Neurol. 48(4):244.

Dorlan, S. J. 2005. Cerebral Palsy, A Complete Guide for Caregiving. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, hal.3.138

El Mohsen Ahmed et al. 2014. The Problem Solving Strategy of Poor Core Stability in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Clinical Trial. J Pediatr Neonatal Care 1(6): Egypt

G Verheyden, A Niewboer, 2007. Clinical tools to meansuremen trunk performance after stroke : a systematic review of the literature. Clinical Rehabilitation. 21 : 387-394

Hinchcliffe, Archie, Children With Cerebral Palsy a Manual For Therapists, Parents and Community Workers, 2nd Edition, (New Delhi : Vistaar Publications, 2007)

Hong, Jun-Sun, From the normal development Cerebral Palsy Treatment Ideas, (Seoul : Koonja Publishing Inc, 2012)

Irfan Muh, Susanti Jemmi, 2008. Pengaruh Penerapan Motor Relerning Programme (MRP) Terhadap Peningkatan Keseimbangan Berdiri Pada Pasien Stroke Hemiplegia. Jurnal Fisioterapi Indonusa Vol. 8 No. 2, Jakarta

Cooper, Kejonen L, et al. 2009. A Randomised Controlled Trial of Proprioceptive and Balance Training After Surgical Recontruction of The Anterior Cruciate Ligament. Research in Sport Medicine, 13: 217-230. Diunduh pada Januari 2016

Lynch, Watson et al. 2007. Kombinasi Neuro Developmental Treatment and Sensory Integration Base of Support. United Kingdom 56(1), 13-18

Miller, Freeman M.D dan Steven J M.D Bachrach. 2006. Cerebral palsy a complete guide for caregiving second edition. United States of America: The Johns Hopkins University Pess

Odunaiya, Mehdi, et al. 2009. The Effectiveness of Proprioceptive Balance Board Training Program : An Interventin Mechanism in Reduction of Ankle Sprain. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB), Vol. 4: 269-276. Diunduh pada Januari 2016

Palisano, Robert, Peter Rosenbaum, Doreen Bartlett, Michael Livingston, Gross Motor Function Classification System for Cerebral Palsy, (Hamilton : CanChild, 2007)

Peraturan Mentri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia nomor 80 tahun 2013 bab 1 pasal 1 ayat 2 tentang Penyelenggaraan Pekerjaan dan Praktik Fisioterapi

Seo HJ, Kim JH, : Effects of trunk-hip strengthening on standing in children with spastic diplegia: a comparative pilot study. J Phys Ther Sci, 2015, 27: 1337-1340.

Sue Bush, 2011. Assisted Standing Experiences of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Their Physiotherapists. APCP Journal Volume 2 Number 3

Sue Bush, N Daniels, at al. 2010. Guidance on Assisted Standing for Children with Cerebral Palsy. Association of pediatric chartered physiotherapists. United Kingdom

Tri Sarjono Waluyo, 2010. Pengaruh Mobilisasi Trunk Terhadap Penurunan Spastisitas pada Cerebral Palsy Spastik Diplegia. Jurnal Pena, Vol. 19 No. 1

Wechsler, Labandz, at al. 2011. Clinical Standing. Posture, How it Develops and Why Standing is Important. United Kingdom

Ljubojevic, Adriana, et al. 2012. Effects of Proprioceptive Training on Balance Skills Among Sport Dance Dancers. Facta Universtatis Physical Education and Sport Vol 10. Diunduh pada Januari 2016

Pope, Selem, Paleg, at al. 2007. A randomised controlled trial of standing programmes on bone mineral density in non ambulant children with cerebral palsy Archives of Diseases in Childhood 89(2):131-5


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN CETAK: 1858-4047