Pelatihan Core Stability dan Balance Board Exercise Lebih Baik Dalam Meningkatkan Keseimbangan Dibandingkan dengan Balance Board Exercise pada Mahasiswa Usia 18 – 24 Tahun dengan Kurang Aktivitas

Berbudi A

Abstract


Latar belakang: Gaya Hidup Sedentary menimbulkan dampak negative bagi kesehatan sehingga akan menimbulkan kegemukan atau obesitas, dimana hal ini akan juga menyebabkan gangguan keseimbangan dan juga resiko terjadinya jatuh bahkan akan menyebabkan terjadinya cidera, untuk memperbaiki hal ini maka aktivitas fisik harus di tingkatkan, dan juga untuk meningkatkan keseimbangan ada beberapa latihan seperti core stability dan balance board. Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa apakah latihan core stability dan balance board exercise lebih baik dalam meningkatkan keseimbangan dibandingkan dengan balance board exercise pada mahasiswa usia 18-24 tahun dengan kurang aktivitas fisik. Metode: Design penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian experimental study pre dan post design. Dimana sampel didapatkan berjumlah 28 orang yang didapatkan dari hasil systematic random sampling. Pada kelompok pertama dilakukan latihan gabungan core stability dan balance board (n=14). Kelompok kedua dilakukan hanya latihan balance board. Hasil: Karakteristik subjek penelitian didapatkan nilai rerata aktivitas fisik pada kelompok latihan core stability dan balance board (314,68) Mets-menit/minggu, Dan rerata nilai keseimbangan sebelum pada kelompok 1 (14,00) detik pada kelompok balance board (286,4) Mets-menit/minggu.  dan rerata nilai keseimbangan sebelum (11,56) detik. dari data yang didapatkan diatas kemudian dilakukan uji normalitas dengan menggunakan Shapiro wilk didapat bahwa pada core stability dan balance board p<0,05 maka data tidak berdistribusi normal, pada kelompok balance board didapat nilai p>0,05 maka data berdistribusi normal. Uji beda sebelum dan sesudah pada kelompok core stability dan balance board dengan menggunakan Wilcoxon signed rank test didapatkan nilai p= 0,001. p<0,05. Uji beda sebelum dan sesudah pada kelompok balance board dengan menggunakan paired sample test didapatkan nilai p=0,0002 p<0,05 maka didapatkan hasil yang bermakna terdapat perbedaan signifikan. Kesimpulan: Kesimpulan pada penelitian ini didapatkan hasil bahwa kelompok perlakuan core stability dan balance board dengan hanya balance board saja dapat meningkatkan nilai keseimbangan standing stork test mahasiswa dengan kurang aktivitas fisik.

 Kata kunci: keseimbangan, aktivitas fisik, core stability

   

Abstract

Background: Sedentary Lifestyle has negative impact on health that would lead to overweight or obesity, where it will also lead to impaired balance and risk of falling even cause bodily injury, to improve the physical activity it should be improved, and also to improve the balance there are some exercises such as core stability and balance board. Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze whether core stability exercises and balance board exercise in improving balance better than the balance board exercise on students aged 18-24 years with less physical activity. Method: This research design using experimental research methods pre and post study design. Where the samples were obtained 28 in total obtained from the results of systematic random sampling. In the first group conducted joint exercises core stability and balance board (n = 14). The second group was only exercise balance board. Result: Characteristics of the study subjects obtained a mean value of physical activity in the group of core stability exercises and balance board (314.68) Mets-minute/week, and the mean value of the balance before in group 1 (14.00 s) in the group balance board (286.4) Mets-minute/week. and the mean value of the balance before (11.56 s). data obtained from the above then tested using the Shapiro Wilk normality is found that the core stability and balance board p <0.05, the data are not normally distributed, the balance board group obtained a p value> 0.05 then the data were normally distributed. Different test groups before and after the core stability and balance board using the Wilcoxon signed rank test p value = 0.001 is obtained. p<0.05. Different test groups before and after the balance board by using paired sample test found p value = 0.0002 p<0.05 then get a meaningful result there are significant differences. Conclusion: Conclusions in this study showed that the treatment group core stability and balance board compared with the only balance board can increase the value of the balance standing stork test students with less physical activity. 

 Keywords: balance, physical activity, core stability


References


Dendas A.M, “The Relationship Between Core Stability And Athletic Performance”, A Thesis, Humbolt State University, August 2010

Fredericson M, MD, Moore Tammara, PT, “Muscular Balance, Core Stability, and Injury Prevention for Middle- and Long-Distance Runners”, Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 16 Page 669–689, 2005

Jonathan C K, “Obesity as Malnutrition: The Role of Capitalism in the Obesity Global Epidemic”, American Journal Of Human Biology, 24:261–276, 2012

Kahle Nicole, “The Effects of Core Stability Training on Balance Testing in Young, Healthy Adults”, 2009

Kibler W B, “The Role of Core Stability in Athletic Function”, Sports Med, 36(3): 189-198, 2006

Larcom Adam, “The Effects Of Balance Training On Dynamic Balance Capabilities In The Elite Australian Rules Footballer”, A Research Thesis Presented To School Of Sport And Exercise Science, Victoria University, 2013

Lau David C.W, James D. Douketis, Katherine M. Morrison, Irene M. Hramiak, Arya M. Sharma, Ehud Ur, “Canadian clinical practice guidelines on the management and prevention of obesity in adults and children”, Vol 176, CMAJ 2007, Canadian Medical Association, 2007

Loitz C, Tanya R B, Cawley John, “Senior Research Associate Alberta Centre for Active Living Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation”, Alberta Survey on Physical Activity: A Concise Report, The Alberta Centre for Active Living, Kanada, 2009. www.centre4activeliving.ca

Oliver Gretchen D and Brezzo Ro Di, “Functional Balance Training In Collegiate Women Athletes”, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, National Strength and Conditioning Association, 23(7)/2124–2129, 2009

Reynolds W, "Sprained Ankle Injury Avoidance and Recovery Exercises", in Sports Injury Bulletin "balance-board training has been used for decades by sports-medicine specialists to rehabilitate and treat a wide range of injuries to the foot, ankle, shin, calf, knee, hip and trunk, 2010

Riskesdas, “Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan”, Aktivitas Fisik, Hal 192-194, Departemen Kesehatan, Republik Indonesia, 2007

Samson Kimberly M, “The Effects of a Five-Week Core Stabilization-Training Program on Dynamic Balance in Tennis Athletes”. Thesis submitted to the School of Physical Education at West Virginia University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science In Athletic Training, 2005

Skelton D.A, “Effect Of Core Stability on Postural Stability”, British Geriatrics Society, Age And Aging, 30-S4: 33-39, 2001

Tantawi Sameh Sh, ”Effect of Core Stability Training on Some Physical Variables and the Performance Level of the Compulsory Kata for Karate Players“, World Journal of Sport Sciences, 5(4): 288-296, ISSN 2078-4724, 2011

Verhagen E, “An Economic Evaluation Of A Proprioceptive Balance Board Training Programme For The Prevention Of Ankle Sprains In Volleyball”, Br J Sports Med, 39:111–115, 2005

WHO, “Obesity and Overweight”, Global Strategy On Diet, Physical Activity, and Health, 2003

Young W, StuartFerguson, Se´ bastien Brault, Cathy Craig, “Assessing and training standing balance in older adults: A novel approach using the ‘Nintendo Wii’ Balance Board”, GAIPOS-3128;No.of Pages 3, 2010


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


   

View My Stats