PERBEDAAN PEMBERIAN LATIHAN KESEIMBANGAN DENGAN BALANCE BEAM DAN BALANCE BOARD PADA STABILITAS POSTURAL ANAK AUTIS

Melati Andayani, Maidi Samekto

Abstract


Abstract

Determine differences bertween balance beam and balane board Exercises effect on postural stability autistic children. Method: Study is  an  experimental to  determine

intervention effect to research object. samples consisted of 16 children with autism in

Klinik Permataku and Bhakti luhur School. Examined using, clinical test sensory interaction and balance, and Bruinskey-oseretssky test of motor proficiency. samples classified into 2

groups. Eight children in group I had balance beam exercises and group II with 8 children had balance board exercises for 4 weeks with frequency 2 times a week and duration for

30 minutes. Result: Shapiro Wilk normality test showed data are normally with average

value  0.85  and  a  standard deviation 0.207.  homogeneity test  showed data  are homogeneous. Hypothesis I using paired sample t-test p = 0.02 means balance beam

exercises improved postural stability in autistic children. Hypothesis II using same test showed p = 0:03 means balance board exercise improved postural stability autistic

children. hypothesis III using Mann-Whitney U test p = 0.66, there’s no improvement differences of balance beam and balance board exercise on postural stability Autistic

Children. Conclusion: there’s no difference between training with balance beam and the

balance board to postural stability of children with autism.

 

Keywords : postural stability, autism, balance

 

Abstrak

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk dapat mengetahui perbedaan pemberian latihan keseimbangan menggunakan balance beam dengan latihan keseimbangan menggunakan balance board terhadap stabilitas postural pada anak autis. Sampel : sampel terdiri dari 16 anak dengan autisme, 8 anak di berikan latihan keseimbangan dengan menggunakan balance beam dan 8 anak di berikan latihan keseimbangan dengan balance board. Metode

: Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian quasi experimental, yaitu untuk mengetahui adakah perbedaan stabilitas postural pada anak yang di berikan latihan keseimbangan

dengan balance beam dan latihan keseimbangan dengan balance board, dimana stabilitas postural di ukur dengan menggunakan Clinical Test of sensory interaction and balance

(CTSIB). Untuk uji normalitas menggunakan analisa statistik Shapiro Wilk Test. Hasil : Dari pengukuran stabilitas postural didapatkan mean±SD clinical test sensory interaction and

balance kelompok 1 0,85±0,21 sedangkan kelompok 2 0,82±0,13. Hasil uji normalitas

dengan Shapiro wilk test didapatkan data atensi anak tidak terdistribusi normal kemudian homogenitas  diuji  dengan  levene’s test. Hasil  uji  hipotesis  dengan  Mann-whitney u

test.menunjukkan nilai p=0.066 (p>0.05) yang berarti Ho diterima sehingga tidak ada perbedaan peningkatan stabilitas postural antara latihan keseimbangan dengan balance

beam dan latihan keseimbangan dengan balance board, pada anak Autis.

 

Kata Kunci : Stabilitas postural, keseimbangan, autis


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.47007/fisio.v17i2.2217

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