PENAMBAHAN CATCHING BALL EXERCISEPADA BALANCE BOARD EXERCISE TERHADAP PENINGKATAN POSTURAL CONTROL PADA ANAK DENGAN AUTIS

Orisa Elfath, Miranti Yolanda Anggita

Abstract


Abstract

Objective : The research aim to determine the differences effect in addition of catching ball exercise on balance board exercise for postural control improvement in children with autism. Methods : The research method is quasi-experimental which aims to determine the increase in postural control in autistic children with balance board and the addition of visual stimulation and motoric control which is included in visual feedback in the form of cathching ball exercise. The sample consisted of 12 autistic children who met the criteria at Talitakum Kebon Jeruk, West Jakarta. Samples were grouped into 2 treatment groups with 6 samples each group. Results : The results of the normality test with the Shapiro-Wilk test showed that the data were normally distributed while the homogeneity test with Lavene's test obtained data had a homogeneous variant. The results of hypothesis testing in the group 1 is Balance board exercise improve the postural control of autistic children. In group 2, the results of hypothesis testing is addition of catching ball exercise on Balance board exercise improves the postural control of autistic children. Conclusion : There is no difference in the addition of catching ball exercise to Balance board exercise in improving postural control of autistic children.

 

Keywords : Catching ball exercise, Balance board exercise, Postural control

 

Abstrak

Tujuan : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan pengaruh penambahan catching ball exercisepada balance board exercise terhadap peningkatan postural control pada anak dengan autis. Metode : Metode penelitian bersifat kuasi eksperimental yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan postural control pada anak autis dengan balance board serta penambahan visual stimulation and motoric control yang termasuk ke dalam visual feedback berupa cathching ball exercise. Sampel terdiri dari 12 anak autis yang memenuhi criteria di Talitakum Kebon Jeruk, Jakarta Barat. Sampel dikelompokkan menjadi 2 kelompok perlakuan dengan masing-masing kelompok berjumlah 6 sampel. Kelompok perlakuan I dan II diberikan intervensi balance board exercise, namun pada kelompok perlakuan II ditambahkan pemberian catching ball exercise. Hasil : Hasil uji normalitas dengan Shapiro-wilk testdidapatkan data berdistribusi normal sedangkan uji homogenitas dengan Lavene’s test didapatkan data memiliki varian homogen. Hasil uji hipotesis pada kelompok perlakuan 1 yaitu Balance board exercise meningkatkan postural control anak autis. Sedangkan pada kelompok 2, hasil uji hipotesis yaitu Penambahan catching ball exercise pada Balance board exercise meningkatkan postural control anak autis. Kesimpulan: Tidak ada perbedaan penambahan catching ball exercise pada Balance board exercise dalam meningkatkan postural control anak autis.

 

Kata kunci : catching ball exercise, balance board exercise, postural control


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.47007/fisio.v19i1.2691

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