Kajian Peran Pertanian Perkotaan Dalam Pembangunan Perkotaan Berkelanjutan (Studi Kasus: Pertanian Tanaman Obat Keluarga di Kelurahan Slipi, Jakarta Barat)

Darmawan Listya Cahya

Abstract


Urbanization and development of the city of Jakarta is occurring very rapidly. The acceleration of urbanization and urban development will certainly cause problems. The number of significant increase in the urban population without the support and offset by the amount of food supply, employment, housing, infrastructure, law enforcement officers, and so forth are issues that must be handled properly. One phenomenon that is currently happening in urban areas is the development of urban agriculture (urban farming). Medicinal plants is one of the  urban agricultural commodities grown by farmers in addition to vegetables, fruits, and fish. With the government's policy to develop medicinal plants (TOGA) throughout Indonesia, the development of herbal medicine to cure various diseases, and medicinal plants have a high added value, the urban agricultural commodities medicinal plants have considerable development potential. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the characteristics of urban agriculture and analyze the role of urban agriculture in support of sustainable urban development. This research takes a case study  in the Kelurahan Slipi, West Jakarta. The results of this study include: a) Characteristics of the urban farmer in urban areas is between 41-50 years old, female, married, high school education, occupation housewife, number of family members of more than 5 (five) people. b) Characteristics of urban farming activities in urban areas is small plots of land (1-10m2), the status of  land owner, vertical farming, urban agriculture activities of more than three (3) years, obtaining seeds from the government, own capital, operating costs of urban activities farming less than Rp. 500.000, - per month, urban agriculture is used for personal purposes. c) urban farming activities can support sustainable urban development aslong as urban farming can provide economic benefits in the form of additional income, social benefits such as the use of leisure time and mutual assistance among residents, environmental benefits in the form of optimizing the utilization of vacant land, reduce air pollution, create beauty, and coolness. d) To develop urban farming activities in support of sustainable urban development can be done with an integrative approach that considers the five (5) dimensions, namely the ecological dimension, economic dimension,  social dimension, institutional dimension, and technological dimensions.

 

Keywords: urban agriculture (urban farming), medicinal plants, sustainable urban development


References


Adell, German, “Literature Review – Theories and Models of Peri-Urban Interface:A Changing Conceptual Landscape”, Strategic Environmental Planning and Management for the Peri-Urban Interface Research Project, London, 1999.

Alikodra, H.S., “Krisis Pangan, Energi dan Keuangan: Krisis ”3F” dan Peran Negara”, 2009. http//www.unisosdem.org (20 Pebruari 2009)

Asafu-Adjaye, J., “Environmental Economics for Economists”, 2nd edition, World Scientific Publishing Co.Pte, Ltd., Singapore, 2005.

FAO, “Urban and Peri Urban Agriculture”, Report to The FAO Committee on Agriculture (Coag), Meeting from January 25-26, FAO, Rome, 1999.

Hubert De Bon, et al., “Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Developing Countries”, A Review, Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30, 21-32, 2010.

Julie M. Slabinski, “From Wasteland To Oasis: How Pennsylvania Can Appropriate Vacant Urban Land Into Functional Space Via Urban Farming”, Widener Law Journal, Vol 22, 253-287, 2013.

Li, M., “The choice of Sustainable development model of China’s”, Agriculture Asian Social Science, 5, 91-93, 2009.

Miller, G,T., “Living in the environment; principles, connections and solutions”, Thompson Brooks/Cole, Canada, 2007.

Rahman, A.B., “MDG VER 2.0: Menuju Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) di Indonesia”, 2012.

Rogers, P., Kazi F. J. & John A B., ”An introduction to sustainable development”, Earthscan, UK and USA, 2008.

RUAF, “Why Is Urban Agriculture Important?”, 2008. http://www.ruaf.org/node/513 (2 Juni 2012)

Santosa, M.A., “Greener Constitution: solusi pengarusutamaan pembangu-nan berkelanjutan”, In. Azis, I., Napitupulu, L., Patunru, A.A., Resosudarmo, B.P. (Ed). Pemba-ngunan berkelanjutan peran dan kontribusi Emil Salim, PT. Gra-media, Jakarta, 2010.

Soemarwoto, O., “Ekologi, lingkungan hi-dup dan pembangunan”, Penerbit Djambatan, Jakarta, 2004.

Tacoli, Cecilia, “The Earthscan Reader in Rural – Urban Linkages”, Earth-scan, London, 2006.

Theis, T., & Tomkin, J., “Sustainability: A comprehensive foundation”, Rice University, Texas, 2012.

The World Commission on Environmental and Development, “Hari Depan Kita Bersama”, Alih Bahasa Bambang Soemantri, Gramedia, Jakarta, 1988.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.