ANALISIS KORELASI AKTIVITAS MASYARAKAT PERKOTAAN PENGGUNA KENDARAAN BERMOTOR DENGAN JUMLAH SEL DARAH MERAH YANG MENGALAMI HEMOLISIS

Titta Novianti

Abstract


Abstract

So many different types of metals pollute in our environment, including metallic lead is potentially hazardous to human health. Metal Lead (Pb) is a metal that is both pollutants come from motor vehicle fuels and industrial activities. Nearly 85% of lead contamination in humans takes place through the respiratory, gastrointestinal and 14% through the rest through the skin. As many as 30-40% of lead will be absorbed into the bloodstream and then 95% is bound to erythrocytes, which causes hemolysis of red blood cells. The purpose of research is to see a correlation between the activity of an urban community with a number of motorists experiencing red blood cells hemolysis. Cross-sectional study method with a random number of 20 urban communities move out of the house every day and using a motor vehicle as well as people who are not traveling activities as a negative control. The samples came from people who move or stay in the South West Jakarta and Tangerang. Each respondent was taken one drop of blood to the observed morphology and the number of blood cells undergo hemolysis, which previously filled the informed concent and questionnaires. The result showed that 65% of each day away, 80% of the entire sample using a bike, public transport or on foot, and 55% did not use a mask. The obtained results that the number of red blood cells undergo hemolysis as 25000-65000 cells / cc. Bivariate test results obtained from test results of 0.828 Spearman correlation with sig 0.00, indicating a strong correlation between the activity variables using a motor vehicle and the number of red blood cells undergo hemolysis. It shows that the activity on the highway with a high enough level of pollution can lead to hemolysis in red blood cells.

 

Keywords: pollutants, lead, hemolysis


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References


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