Manifestasi Nilai Teologi dalam Gerakan Ekologi

Husnul Khitam

Abstract


Abstract

Pesantren is an indigenous Islamic based education institution in Indonesia. Currently, some of the Pesantren in Indonesia began to address ecological issues in their curricula as well as in their daily life. This research attempts to portray and explore the dynamic of ecological movement in the Pesantren with Kyai (Guru), Santri (student) and Quran (holy book) as the prime focus of analysis. In this study, the ecological movement in Pesantren is perceived as a manifestation of their meaning process toward the construction of ecological theology. The study was carried out in two Pesantren i.e. the Al-Amin of Sukabumi and the Darul Ulum Lido of Bogor. Al-Amin is a traditional type of boarding school where informal relations and traditional leadership coloring the daily life of Pesantren. Meanwhile, Daarul Ulum Lido is a portrait of modern Pesantren that merge or combine formal-based public education and religious-based education with formal relations and rational-legal type of leadership becomes the identity. The results show that the ecological movement in both Pesantren was manifested differently due to two important factors. First, the interpretation, meaning and construction of Islamic theological ecology in each Pesantren are solely based upon the knowledge and spiritual reflection of the Kyai. Second, the conservation knowledge developed in each Pesantren is also a result of relations and knowledge exchange between Pesantren and external actors. Different meaning of conservation that adopted by external actors could differentiate the manifestation of ecological movement in Pesantren. In Pesantren Al Amin, their interpretation and meaning to ecological theology are manifested in tree planting. Meanwhile, at Pesantren Darul Ulum Lido, it is manifested in the form of harim zone (no take zone). This Darul Ulum type of conservation is a result of their close relations and interaction with an international conservation NGO. Though seems preliminary and need more evidences, the ecological movement in Pesantren shows a positive direction towards the deep ecology movement.

Keywords: kyai, pesantren, ecological theology


References


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