Analisis Zat Gizi Makanan Jajanan dan Sarapan Anak Sekolah Dasar Berdasarkan Tingkat Sosial Ekonomi di Wilayah Provinsi Banten

Erry Yudhya Mulyani, Idrus Jus’at

Abstract


Abstract

Growing development of school-aged children depends on optimal nutrition with good quality and true quantity (Cahyadi, 2009). According to RISKESDAS 2010, the prevalence of malnutrition status occurred in Banten province (18.5%), while in Banten province still having children who were aged  6-12 years with stunting nutritional status (15.1%) and under weight (9.5% ). The purpose of this study was to analyze nutritional of snack and breakfast at elementary school children based on socio-economic level in Banten Province. The study was a cross-sectional study with using secondary data RISKESDAS 2010 on snacks and breakfast intake of children aged 6-12 years. The results from this study are the average total energy intake 1304.95 cal, total protein intake of 39.75 g, 184.90 g total carbohydrate intake and total fat intake of 45.44 g. We used T-test Independent to analyzing bivariate. From the test we found that there is a difference in energy intake, protein, and carbohydrates based on socio-economic level in Banten Province (p <0,05). However, no difference was found fat intake by socio-economic level in Banten Province (p ≥ 0.05). But we still need to conduct more intensive counseling on nutrition knowledge especially for safe snacks in elementary school.

Keywords: Snacks, Breakfast, Student 

Abstrak

Tumbuh berkembangnya anak usia sekolah yang optimal tergantung  pemberian gizi dengan kualitas dan kuantitas yang baik serta benar. (Cahyadi, 2009). Menurut data RISKESDAS 2010 prevalensi berat pada status gizi kurang terjadi di propinsi Banten (18,5%), sedangkan di propinsi Banten masih terdapat anak usia 6-12 tahun yang berstatus gizi pendek (15,1%) dan kurus (9,5%). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis zat gizi makanan jajanan dan sarapan anak sekolah dasar berdasarkan tingkat sosial-ekonomi di Propinsi Banten. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian cross-sectional dengan mengunakan data sekunder RISKESDAS 2010 tentang asupan makanan jajanan dan sarapan anak sekolah usia 6-12 tahun. Hasil penelitian didapat bahwa rata-rata asupan energi total 1304,95 kal, asupan protein total 39,75 gr, asupan karbohidrat total 184,90 gr dan asupan lemak total 45,44 gr. Hasil uji bivariat dengan menggunakan t-test independent didapat bahwa Ada perbedaan asupan energi, protein, dan karbohidrat berdasarkan tingkat sosial ekonomi di Propinsi Banten (p< 0,05). Namun tidak ditemukan perbedaan asupan lemak berdasarkan tingkat sosial ekonomi di propinsi Banten (p≥0,05). Akan tetapi masih perlu diadakannya penyuluhan yang lebih intensif tentang pengetahuan gizi khususnya makanan jajanan yang aman untuk dikonsumsi di sekolah dasar.

Kata kunci: Makanan Jajanan, Sarapan, Anak Sekolah


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