RESIKO TERJADINYA TB PARU DARI RIWAYAT MEROKOK :STUDI KASUS

Ernalinda Rosya

Abstract


Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is a major cause of poor health. Pulmonary TB is also one of the top ten causes of death worldwide and the leading cause of death from an infectious agent that can be transmitted easily. The number of pulmonary TB patients continues to increase with an average increase of 3,145 per year. There has been no provision that smoking increases the risk of pulmonary TB. The purpose of this study was to examine the risk factors for pulmonary TB from a history of smoking. The research method is a case study conducted on 85 respondents. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling, with inclusion criteria: 15-50 years old, domiciled in the work area of the study site, can read and write, and exclusion criteria: incomplete medical records. The results showed that more than half (55.1%) of the respondents had a history of smoking. From the responses who had a history of smoking, it was found that most (48%) smoked every day with some 1-5 cigarettes per day as many as 57.4% of respondents and an average smoking history of 1-5 years as much as 70.2%. This study concludes that the average risk of pulmonary TB can be from a history of smoking

Keyword:  Pulmonary TB, Risk of Pulmonary TB, History of Smoking

 

Abstrak

Tuberkulosis (TB) adalah penyakit menular yang merupakan penyebab utama jeleknya kesehatan. TB paru juga salah satu dari 10 penyebab utama kematian di seluruh dunia dan penyebab utama kematian akibat satu agen infeksius yang dapat menular dengan mudah. Jumlah penderita TB Paru terus terjadi peningkatan dengan rata-rata peningkatan 3.145 pertahun. Belum adanya ketetapan bahwa merokok meningkatkan resiko terjadinya TB Paru. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat faktor resiko terjadinya TB paru dari riwayat merokok. Metode penelitian dengan studi kasus yang dilakukan pada 85 responden. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling, dengan kriteria inklusi: berusia 15-50 tahun, berdomisili diwilayah kerja lokasi penelitian, bisa baca tulis dan kriteria eklusi: catatan rekam medis yang tidak lengkap. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan lebih dari sebagian (55,1%) responden memiliki riwayat merokok. Dari respon yang memiliki riwayat merokok tersebut didapatkan Sebagian besar (48%) merokok setiap hari dengan jumlah 1-5 batang perhari sebanyak 57,4% responden dan riwayat merokok rata-rata 1-5 tahun sebanyak 70,2%. Simpulan dari penelitian ini rata-rata resiko terjadinya TB Paru bisa dari riwayat merokok.

Kata kunci: TB Paru, Resiko TB Paru, Riwayat Merokok


References


Alavi-Naini, R., Sharifi-Mood, B., & Metanat, M. (2012). Association Between Tuberculosis and Smoking. International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction, 1(2), 71. https://doi.org/10.5812/IJHRBA.5215

Dotulong, J., Sapulete, M. R., & Kandou, G. D. (2015). Hubungan Faktor Risiko Umur, Jenis Kelamin dan Kepadatan hunian Dengan Kejadian Penyakit TB Paru di Desa Wori Kecamatan Wori. Jurnal Kedokteran Komunitas Dan Tropik.

Lin, H. H., Ezzati, M., Chang, H. Y., & Murray, M. (2009). Association between tobacco smoking and active tuberculosis in Taiwan: Prospective cohort study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 180(5), 475–480. https://doi.org/10.1164/RCCM.200904-0549OC

Luh, N., Thrisna, P., Made, N., Wati, N., & Juanamasta, I. G. (2019). Tbc caregiver support affect the self - acceptance of the tbc patient. 9, 192–198

Padrão, E., Oliveira, O., Felgueiras, Ó., Gaio, A. R., & Duarte, R. (2018). Tuberculosis and tobacco: is there any epidemiological association? European Respiratory Journal, 51(1). https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.02121-2017

Rakhmawati, W., Nilmanat, K., & Hatthakit, U. (2019). Moving from fear to realization: family engagement in tuberculosis prevention in children living in tuberculosis Sundanese households in Indonesia. International journal of nursing sciences, 6(3), 272–277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnss.2019.06.002

Silva, D. R., Muñoz-Torrico, M., Duarte, R., Galvão, T., Bonini, E. H., Arbex, F. F., Arbex, M. A., Augusto, V. M., Rabahi, M. F., & Mello, F. C. de Q. (2018). Risk factors for tuberculosis: Diabetes, smoking, alcohol use, and the use of other drugs. In Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia (Vol. 44, Issue 2, pp. 145–152). Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1806-37562017000000443

Wang, J., & Shen, H. (2009). Review of cigarette smoking and tuberculosis in China: Intervention is needed for smoking cessation among tuberculosis patients. BMC Public Health, 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-292

World Health Organization, (WHO). (2018). Smoking and tuberculosis: a dangerous combination. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/europe/news/item/22-03-2018-smoking-and-tuberculosis-a-dangerous-combination

World Health Organization, (WHO). (2021). Global Tuberculosis Report. WHO.

Zhang, C. Y., Zhao, F., Xia, Y. Y., Yu, Y. L., Shen, X., Lu, W., Wang, X. M., Xing, J., Ye, J. J., Li, J. W., Liu, F. Y., Wu, J. L., Xu, L., Zhang, H., Cheng, J., & Wang, L. X. (2019). Prevalence and risk factors of active pulmonary tuberculosis among elderly people in China: A population based cross-sectional study 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-019-0515-y

Tamamengka, D., & Kepel, B. (2019). Fungsi afektif dan perawatan keluarga dengan kepatuhanpengobatan tb paru. fungsi afektif dan perawatan keluarga dengan kepatuhan pengobatan tuberkulosis paru, 7(2).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.