ASUPAN KARBOHIDRAT DAN SERAT BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN LEMAK TUBUH REMAJA SMPN 16 JAKARTA

Nadiyah Nadiyah, Nova Andriani

Sari


The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between nutrient intakes, physical activity and percentage of body fat in a group of adolescents. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 62 adolescents aged 13 to 14 years old; 34 girls (54,8%) and 28 boys (45,2%). Energy, macronutrients and vitamin D intake were assessed by two non-consecutive-24 hour food recalls. Calcium intake was assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ), physical activity was assessed by Physical Activity Level (PAL) 2 x 24 hours and percentage of body fat was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). BIA measurements were taken at least 2 hours after meals. The mean age was 13,2 ± 0,4 years. Mean percentage body fat was 22,2 + 5,9 %. In bivariate analysis, negative correlations were found between calcium intake (p= 0,002), fiber intake (p=0,009), physical activity (p= 0,016) and body fat. In multivariate analysis, fiber intake showed a negative correlation (β = -8,397, p = 0,001) and carbohydrate intake (β = 13,053, p = 0,003) showed a positive correlation with body fat, adjusted by age and sex. In conclusion, carbohydrate intake has a positive relationship with body fat and fiber intake has a negative relationship with body fat in adolescents.
Keywords : body fat, adolescents, carbohydrate intake


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Referensi


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