Analisis Faktor-Faktor Risiko Kejadian Dislipidemia pada Karyawan Pria Head Office PT.X, Cakung, Jakarta Timur

Nurul Dina Rahmawati, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika

Abstract


Abstrak

Kejadian dislipidemia di Indonesia merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang prevalensinya semakin meningkat dari tahun ke tahun, tak terkecuali pada para karyawan. Tidak diragukan lagi bahwa dislipidemia yang tidak terdeteksi dan tertangani dengan baik dapat meningkatkan risiko aterosklerosis yang dapat menyebabkan penyakit jantung dan pembuluh darah dan berujung pada kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian dislipidemia. Penelitian yang dilakukan pada sebuah perusahaan alat berat di Cakung, Jakarta Timur ini menggunakan desain studi cross sectional dan metode simple random sampling dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 93 orang pria berusia 25-55 tahun. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 80,6% responden mengalami dislipidemia. Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara asupan karbohidrat (OR=10,8 95% CI 1,2-95,4), usia (OR=1,7 95% CI 0,5-5,6), IMT (OR=3,9 95% CI 0,7-21,9 ), lingkar pinggang (OR=2,3 95% CI 0,6-8,4), dan hipertensi (OR=1,5 95% CI 0,4-6,7) terhadap kejadian dislipidemia. Asupan karbohidrat merupakan faktor risiko paling dominan setelah dikrontrol oleh variabel usia, IMT, lingkar pinggang dan hipertensi.

Kata Kunci : Dislipidemia; faktor risiko; karyawan; pria.

Abstract

Dyslipidemia is a public health problem in Indonesia which prevalence is increasing every year, including in workers. It is established that undetected and untreated dyslipidemia increases the risk of atherosclerosis that causes cardiovascular diseases and leads to death.  The objective of this study was to identify risk factors associated with dyslipidemia. This study was conducted a heavy equipment company located in Cakung, East Jakarta using cross sectional design and simple random sampling method with 93 men aged 25-55 years old. The result showed that 80,6% of respondents suffered from dyslipidemia. There were significant associations between carbohydrate intake (OR=10,8 95% CI 1,2-95,4), age (OR=1,7 95% CI 0,5-5,6), Body Mass Index (BMI) (OR=3,9 95% CI 0,7-21,9), waist circumference (OR=2,3 95% CI 0,6-8,4), and hypertension (OR=1,5 95% CI 0,4-6,7) with dyslipidemia in which carbohydrate intake was the most dominant risk factors after adjustment of multiple confounders.

Keywords : Dyslipidemia; risk factors; workers; men


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.47007/nut.v12i01.3014

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